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Exploring the Beginnings

Coffee, spreading its beans around the globe, has its roots in the Arab countries of Arabia and Ethiopia. Its history, dating back to about 7000 BC, originates in Mesopotamia, where it was known as "niter aethiopicus". This Ethiopian variety, in its day, was a costly commodity used as currency in trade.

Legend has it that Kaldi, a goat herder, discovered coffee when he noticed that his goats were bursting with energy after eating certain cherries. After sharing his discovery with local monks, who initially condemned him, the first coffee brew was created. Another story relates that Baba Budan brought the beans to India in the 17th century, marking the beginning of large-scale production in southern India.

The Global Expansion of Coffee

As coffee gained popularity, its production expanded, especially in Brazil, where Colonel Francisco de Melo Palheta started plantations in 1822. From 1852, Brazil became the largest producer of coffee beans to date. In 1893, plantations spread to Central America, Tanzania and Kenya, marking the main coffee-growing regions.

At the end of the 19th century, the first coffee roaster and percolator were invented. In 1901, Luigi Bezerra created the first espresso machine, and in time, Achille Gaggia improved the machine with a piston and higher pressure, giving birth to espresso coffee. In the 20th century, the sale of roasted coffee beans became common.

Coffee in the Modern Era

Today, coffee transcends its role as a simple beverage; it is a status and fashion symbol. It is now the fourth most traded commodity in the world, and the arrival of Third Wave Coffee highlights the importance of everyone involved in the process, from the farmer to the consumer.

Specialty Coffee: An Ongoing Debate

The recurring question: is specialty coffee the same as "Third Wave Coffee"? The Specialty Coffee Association ranks coffee flavour profiles from 0 to 100, with coffees scoring 80 or higher considered specialty. Whereas Third Wave Coffee focuses on the production and processing of single origin coffees for exceptional flavour profiles.

Motivations for Drinking Coffee: Beyond Caffeine

Caffeine, ideal for staying awake and focused, increases alertness and helps you face the day. In addition, coffee has become a support for athletes recovering from intense workouts.

The Future of Coffee: Continuous Innovation

Today, the search for new ways of preparing coffee continues with inventions such as the French press, Aeropress y ChemexIs a Fourth Wave of coffee on the horizon? While we can't be sure, the energy to improve the coffee experience continues to grow.

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